Top 10 Wheat Producing Countries

China produces the most wheat, followed by India, Russia, and the United States, according to FAOSTAT. Wheat is one of humanity’s most important crops since it is a staple in many people’s diets all around the world. According to FAOSTAT, China produces the most wheat, followed by India, Russia, and the United States. Here is a list of the top 10 wheat-producing nations in the world.

Wheat Producing Countries
Wheat Producing Countries

10. Germany (24,481,600 Tonnes)

Germany is a major grain producer in the European Union (E.U. ), and as such, its agricultural practices are overseen by E.U. market management and impacted by E.U. rules and regulations. Germany’s flour mills are estimated to handle 24 million tons of wheat per year. Winter wheat is farmed throughout the country, with the most concentrated production in central Germany. Bayren (19% of total wheat production in Germany) and Niedersachsen (17% of total wheat production in Germany) are the biggest wheat producing states in Germany. If the weather cooperates, the crop is planted in October and harvested the following August.

9. Ukraine (26,208,980 Tonnes)

Wheat is grown across Ukraine, with the center and south-central regions producing the majority of the crop. The crop is planted in the autumn and harvested between July and August the following year. Ukraine, previously known as “the breadbasket of Europe,” is well-known for producing firm, red winter wheat, which is used in bread production. Wheat exports from Ukraine surged 41% in 2014 as output grew between 2013 and 2014.

8. Pakistan (26,674,000 Tonnes)

Wheat is Pakistan’s most significant food grain and a mainstay in the Pakistani diet. Wheat farming area increased by 4.4% between 2013 and 2014. Wheat is farmed across Pakistan, with the provinces of Punjab and Sindh yielding the largest yields. The Indus River’s alluvial deposits enrich the soil in these regions and allow widespread growth of cereal crops such as wheat.

7. Canada (29,984,200 Tonnes)

Wheat is Canada’s most important crop, and several varieties are cultivated here. Examples include winter wheat, dark northern spring wheat (DNS wheat), and durum wheat. Wheat grains are utilized in a range of purposes, including bread flour manufacture and livestock feed. Saskatchewan is the biggest producer of DNA and durum wheat in Canada, accounting for 55% of total DNS wheat and 76% of durum, with Alberta coming in second (26% of DNS wheat and 18% of durum). Meanwhile, Ontario produces 82% of all winter wheat in Canada.

6. Australia (31,818,744 Tonnes)

Wheat is an important winter crop in Australia. The continent’s top wheat producing states are Western Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, and Queensland. Depending on the season, the crop is sown in the fall and harvested in the spring or winter. Western Australia is the world’s largest wheat exporter, with over $2 billion in annual sales to Asian and Middle Eastern countries. Over the last 30 years, Western Australia’s wheat output has climbed by 1% every year. The east coast of Australia, on the other hand, produces wheat for local consumption and feedstock.

5. France (36,924,938 Tonnes)

France is Europe’s leading producer of wheat, with the crop farmed across the country. It is most often cultivated in northern France. The French state of Centre is the country’s leading wheat producing area, accounting for 16% of total French wheat output, followed by Picardie (which accounts for 10% of total French wheat output). The most prevalent type of wheat grown in the United States is winter wheat, which is sown in the autumn and harvested in August of the following year.

4. United States (47,370,880 Tonnes)

Wheat is the most significant cereal grain in the United States, and it is grown all throughout the country. The United States produces around 47 million tons of wheat, ranking fourth in the world in terms of quantity produced, with the ranking constantly fluctuating in recent years between the United States and Russia, which is presently in third place. According to the USDA, eight varieties of wheat are grown in the United States. Durum wheat (used to create pasta), hard red winter wheat, hard red spring wheat, soft white wheat, and hard white wheat are the most important. Winter wheat accounts for 70-80% of wheat grown in the United States (it is frequently utilized in bread production due to its high gluten content). North Dakota (347 million bushels), Kansas (246 million bushels), and Montana (210 million bushels) were the top three wheat producers in the United States in 2014. 50% of the country’s wheat is exported, creating $9 billion in yearly export revenue.

3. Russia (85,863,132 Tonnes)

Russia is the world’s third largest wheat producer, and it was among the top five wheat exporting countries in every year from 2006 to 2011. Winter wheat is the most widely planted wheat variety in the United States. The crop is mostly farmed in western Russia, near Moscow. The crop is planted in August and harvested in July and August of the following year.

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2. India (98,510,000 Tonnes)

Wheat is India’s second most important agricultural food crop (after rice), providing daily sustenance to hundreds of millions of people. It is an important staple food in the country’s northern and northwest states, notably around the Pakistani border. India accounts for around 8.7% of total world wheat output, while this crop accounts for 13% of all cultivated land in India. The “Green Revolution” concept was used in India, resulting in a massive increase in wheat output, with national wheat yields doubling in a single decade between 1960 and 1970. Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, and Madhya Pradesh are the primary wheat-producing states in the country.

1. China (134,340,630 tonnes)

China, being the world’s largest wheat producer, has a considerable effect on global grain market dynamics. On a land area of 24 million hectares (almost the size of Algeria), the nation produces around 126 million metric tons of wheat every year. Wheat is the Chinese people’s main diet, accounting for 40% of total grain consumption in the country. Wheat is commonly grown in China’s Yellow and Huai River Valleys, where it is grown in rotation with maize. Meanwhile, along and around the Yangtze River Valley, it is more commonly alternated with rice.

Where Does Most of the World’s Wheat Come From?

China produces the most wheat, followed by India, Russia, and the United States. Every year, China produces more than 134 million tons of wheat. Wheat is grown over 24 million hectares of land in the nation, an area about the size of Algeria.

Top Wheat Producing Countries

 
RankCountryWheat Produced (Tonnes)
1China134,340,630
2India98,510,000
3Russian Federation85,863,132
4United States of America47,370,880
5France36,924,938
6Australia31,818,744
7Canada29,984,200
8Pakistan26,674,000
9Ukraine26,208,980
10Germany24,481,600

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