Top 10 Wheat Producing Countries

According to FAOSTAT, China produces the most wheat, followed by India, Russia, and the United States. Wheat is one of the most significant crops to humanity since it is a staple in many people’s diets all around the world. According to FAOSTAT, China produces more wheat than any other country, followed by India, Russia, and the United States. Here is an overview of the world’s top ten wheat-producing countries.

Wheat Producing Countries
Wheat Producing Countries

10. Germany (24,481,600 Tonnes)

Germany is one of the European Union’s (E.U.) top grain producers, and as such, its agricultural practises are supervised by E.U. market management and influenced by E.U. laws and regulations. According to estimates, Germany’s flour mills handle 24 million tonnes of wheat each year. Winter wheat is grown across the country, with the greatest concentration in central Germany. The main wheat producing states in Germany are Bayren (19% of total wheat production in Germany) and Niedersachsen (17% of total wheat production in Germany). If the weather cooperates, the crop is sown in October and harvested in August the following year.

9. Ukraine (26,208,980 Tonnes)

Wheat is farmed across Ukraine, with the centre and south-central areas contributing the majority of output. The crop is sown in the autumn and harvested the following year between July and August. Ukraine, once known as “the breadbasket of Europe,” is known for producing hard, red winter wheat, which is utilised in breadmaking. Wheat exports from Ukraine increased by 41% in 2014 due to an increase in output between 2013 and 2014.

8. Pakistan (26,674,000 Tonnes)

Wheat is the most important food grain in Pakistan and is a staple item in the Pakistani diet. Between 2013 and 2014, the area farmed for wheat grew by 4.4%. Wheat is grown across Pakistan, with the Punjab and Sindh provinces producing the highest yields. The alluvial deposits of the Indus River add to the fertility of the soil in these provinces and encourage widespread cultivation of cereal crops like as wheat.

7. Canada (29,984,200 Tonnes)

Wheat is Canada’s most significant crop, and various types of wheat are grown here. Winter wheat, dark northern spring wheat (DNS wheat), and durum wheat are examples. Wheat grains are used for a variety of applications, including flour production in the bread sector and cattle feed. Saskatchewan is Canada’s leading producer of DNA and durum wheat (55% of total DNS wheat and 76% of durum), followed by Alberta (26% of DNS wheat and 18% of durum). Meanwhile, Ontario accounts for 82% of total winter wheat output in Canada.

6. Australia (31,818,744 Tonnes)

Wheat is one of Australia’s most important winter crops. Western Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, and Queensland are the continent’s leading wheat producing states. The crop is planted in the fall months and harvested in the spring or winter, depending on the weather. Western Australia is the largest wheat exporter, particularly to Asian and Middle Eastern nations, earning over $2 billion per year from such sales. Western Australia’s wheat output has increased by 1% every year over the past 30 years. Australia’s east coast, on the other hand, produces wheat for local consumption and feedstock.

5. France (36,924,938 Tonnes)

France is Europe’s top producer of wheat, with this commodity grown throughout the country. It is most often grown in the northern parts of France. The French state of Centre is the country’s leading wheat producing area (accounting for 16% of total wheat output in France), followed by Picardie (accounting for 10% of total wheat output in France). Winter wheat is the most common kind of wheat farmed in the United States, and it is planted in the autumn and harvested in August of the following year.

4. United States (47,370,880 Tonnes)

Wheat, the most important cereal grain in the United States, is farmed across the country. Around 47 million tonnes of wheat are produced in the United States, which ranks fourth in the world in terms of quantity produced, with the ranking frequently shifting in recent years between the United States and Russia, which is now in third place. According to the USDA, there are eight types of wheat farmed in the nation. The most significant are durum wheat (used to make pasta), hard red winter wheat, hard red spring wheat, soft white wheat, and hard white wheat. 70-80% of the wheat produced in the USA belongs to the category of winter wheat (often used in bread making due to its high gluten content). Per USDA harvest data, North Dakota (347 million bushels), Kansas (246 million bushels), and Montana (210 million bushels) were the largest producers of wheat in this country in 2014. 50% of the country’s wheat is exported, generating an annual export revenue of $9 billion.

3. Russia (85,863,132 Tonnes)

Russia is the world’s third largest wheat producer and was among the top five wheat exporting countries in all years between 2006 and 2011. Winter wheat is the most common wheat cultivar farmed in the nation. The crop is mostly grown in the western regions of Russia near Moscow. The crop is sown between August and the first week of October and harvested the following July and August.

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2. India (98,510,000 Tonnes)

Wheat is India’s second most significant agricultural food crop (after rice), feeding hundreds of millions of people on a daily basis. It is a particularly significant staple food in the country’s northern and northwestern states, particularly along the Pakistani border. India contributes for around 8.7% of total global wheat output, and this crop occupies 13% of all cultivated area in India. In India, the implementation of the “Green Revolution” strategy resulted in a tremendous rise in wheat output, with national wheat yields tripling in a single decade between 1960 and 1970. The main wheat producing states in the country are Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, and Madhya Pradesh.

1. China (134,340,630 tonnes)

China, being the world’s largest wheat producer, has a significant impact on grain market dynamics worldwide. The country produces around 126 million metric tonnes of wheat per year on a land area of 24 million hectares (almost the size of the whole country of Algeria). Wheat is a staple food for the Chinese people, accounting for 40% of total grain consumption in the country. Wheat is widely farmed in China’s Yellow and Huai River Valleys, where it is alternated with maize. Meanwhile, it is more typically alternated with rice along and around the Yangtze River Valley.

Where Does Most of the World’s Wheat Come From?

China produces more wheat than any other country, followed by India, Russia, and the United States. China alone produces more than 134 million tonnes of wheat every year. The country has 24 million hectares dedicated to growing wheat, which is an area roughly the same size as Algeria.

Top Wheat Producing Countries

Rank Country Wheat Produced (Tonnes)
1 China 134,340,630
2 India 98,510,000
3 Russian Federation 85,863,132
4 United States of America 47,370,880
5 France 36,924,938
6 Australia 31,818,744
7 Canada 29,984,200
8 Pakistan 26,674,000
9 Ukraine 26,208,980
10 Germany 24,481,600

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