10 Interesting Facts About the Russian Revolution
The Russian Civil War followed the 1917 Revolution, with an estimated death toll of 5 to 12 million people. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a social revolt that took place in two stages. The first will take place in February, and the second in October. The violent Russian Civil War that followed the Revolution was believed to have killed between 5 and 12 million people. Here are some Interesting Facts About the Russian Revolution given below.
Working Class And Its Importance
The Russian Revolution was preceded by a unique sort of political and social climate. Because their living situations have altered substantially as a result of the rapid industrial Revolution, industrial workers have become politically prominent persons to address. They were underpaid and worked too many hours. When you combine it with an impoverished and under-producing peasant population, a revolt was inevitable.
The Bloody Sunday was an incident that occurred in Saint Petersburg before to the Russian Revolution. People staged enormous protests against Tsar Nicholas II on January 22, 1905. They were shot down by the Imperial Guard, killing or injuring about a thousand people. This sparked different strike activities later on and is often seen as the beginning of the Revolution.
Failed Leadership of Tsar Nicholas II
Tsar Nicholas II attempted to settle things down by reforming the Russian parliament, the State Duma, so that they had a portion of the tsar’s authoritarian power. When the two dumas would not cooperate, he expelled them from the administration. This action was viewed as anti-democratic, and it fueled revolutionary sentiments even more.
World War I
With the outbreak of World War I, further flaws in Russia’s socioeconomic framework became apparent. Because the government spent so much money on military costs, the country experienced massive inflation. During World War I, Russia was in a terrible situation, with a large number of people dying in war and food scarcity impacting nearly everyone.
Petrograd and the February Revolution
The revolution eventually began in February 1917. Large-scale protests began in Petrograd, when industrial workers expressed their dissatisfaction with the government and Tsar Nicholas II’s administration. By the end of February, almost all industries in Petrograd had shut down.
When Nicholas II abdicated on March 3, 1917, the State Duma formed a temporary administration and appointed Prince Georgy Lvov as Prime Minister. Along with it, people formed their own representative political body, which included both industrial workers and World War I veterans.
The second stage of the Russian Revolution revolved around Vladimir Lenin and his Marxist viewpoint. The Bolsheviks, led by Lenin, took over the government in October.
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Red vs. White Army
The civil war began immediately after Lenin created his authority. The two opposing factions were those fighting for Lenin and the Bolsheviks, who were known as the Red Army. The White Army was an anti-Bolshevik organization.
Millions Dead in the Civil War
Having already been devastated by the events of World War I, Russia was in complete disarray during the Civil War. It is believed that 5 million people died in the terrible battles of the Civil War between 1917 and 1922.
When Leon Trotsky was forced to flee the nation in 1929, Josef Stalin had no political opponents to contend with. As General Secretary, Stalin had an important role in the administration. Trotsky might launch his tyranny from exile.