Women cannot get pregnant due to genital TB, know its symptoms and treatment
TB (tuberculosis) is a serious condition that is chronic. Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis – these also cause leprosy. It mainly affects the lungs. There are several types of TB, one of which also occurs in the genitalia, called genital tuberculosis or genital tuberculosis.
Genital TB is a form of disease that mainly affects the female genitals – ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and surrounding lymph in the vagina or pelvis. Affects nodes. In men, it can affect the prostate gland and testes; And in men and women, the kidneys, ureters, and urinary bladder can also be affected.
Tuberculosis is usually a result of infection spreading to other parts of the body, most commonly in the lungs. Tuberculosis mainly affects women during childbirth and can sometimes be one of the main causes of infertility.
Symptoms of Genital Tuberculosis – Early symptoms of genital tuberculosis
Genital tuberculosis or genital TB is difficult to detect in the initial stage. A high index of suspicion is required to investigate this condition. It is necessary to take it seriously in the following situations:
• Inability to conceive for the first time
• History of genital tuberculosis in the family
• Always tired
• Low grade fever
• Lower abdominal discomfort or pain
• A condition involving vaginal discharge and menstrual irregularities should be investigated thoroughly.
Examination of symptoms of genital tuberculosis – How is genital TB diagnosed
A tuberculin skin test can be performed to detect the presence of TB anywhere in the body. In addition, it is easy to detect via chest X-ray, pelvic ultrasound scan, endometrial treatment, cervical smear examination, analysis of menstrual blood, and laparoscopic or endoscopic examination of the genital organs.
Treatment of genital tuberculosis How is genital TB treated
Treatment of genital TB is given in 2 stages; Initial therapy for 2 months with at least 3 anti-TB medications, and a continuous treatment with at least 2 anti-TB medications for 4–10 months. This rarely happens, requiring surgical treatment of the affected genital parts. It is important to ensure that you follow the instructions accurately during treatment. All medicines prescribed for a prescribed duration should be taken regularly, to prevent the development of MDR-TB (multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis).
Genital tuberculosis prevention – Genital tuberculosis prevention
Unfortunately, infertility rates remain high even after completing treatment for genital TB. Genital TB can only be prevented by ensuring that no other part of the body is affected by TB. This means that women should be cautious against lung TB even at an early age. Since the drops extracted during cough and sneezing spread TB, it is important to avoid lung TB.
The BCG vaccine must be given to all infants, and those coming from areas endemic for TB should undergo screening for the condition. People affected by genital TB should consult safe-sex techniques.