What is considered a very low birth weight?
What is considered a very low birth weight? Parents are often worried about a child born with a low birth weight. How much should a baby weigh? What are the essential nutrients for it? What are the problems with low birth weight baby? Often these questions keep swirling in his mind. If your baby is also born with a low birth weight, then to know the answers to all these questions, we talked to Dr. Geetika Gangwani, a lactation consultant-
Dr Geetika says that 80 percent of newborn deaths worldwide are due to low birth weight. That is, most newborns die only when their weight is less than the ideal weight or 2.5. Not only this, 40 percent of the children born with low birth weight also have to suffer from malnourishment later on. Also, they are more vulnerable to any infection than other children.
Low Birth Baby
Babies with low birth weight are either premature or they fall ill more often and remain weak. Dr. Geetika Gangwani says that about 25-35 percent of newborn babies in India are born with low birth weight. Generally, women who go through problems like hypertension, diabetes are more likely to lose weight in that case. They also remain physically and mentally weak. This problem is often seen in babies who are born prematurely. The development of such children is not fully done in the mother’s body. To take care of premature babies, it is very important for them to get good nutrition.
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What should be the weight of the baby at birth
Babies should weigh more than 2.5 at birth. Because babies whose birth weight is less than 2.5 kg, those babies are called low birth weight babies. These babies are kept in the category of babies born with low birth weight. The same when the baby’s weight is less than 1.5 kilograms, it is called a very low birth weight baby. In this condition the baby is born prematurely.
Mother’s milk or breast milk is the best nutrition
Lactation Consultant Dr Geetika Gangwani says that breast milk is most important for the physical and mental development of newborn babies or for their full development. Breast milk is most essential for the full development of the baby. Doctor Geetika tells that feeding mother’s milk to the baby within 1 hour of delivery is like nectar. Mother’s milk is essential food for stomach, intestines and body of babies born with low birth weight. So if your baby was born with a low birth weight, then you should take special care of your diet so that the baby can get proper breast milk.
Babies born with low birth weight can have these diseases
- NEC Infection
The body of babies born prematurely or with low birth weight is very weak. They are often ill. NEC infection ie necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is often seen in babies born with low birth weight. This is a very serious bowel disorder, which occurs when the tissues in the intestine are exhausted. This infection mostly occurs in those children, who are weak. It can also be fatal for babies. NEC occurs in babies when intestinal tissue dies. In such a situation, breast milk is very important for the baby.
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Babies born with low birth weight have a higher risk of developing anemia in the future. Anemia is a problem caused by lack of blood in the body. In this there is a deficiency of iron in the body.
Well, diabetes is called a lifestyle disease. But babies whose birth weight is low, they are at a very high risk of diabetes as they grow up.
- Heart rage
Babies born with low birth weight have a higher risk of developing heart disease. These children are not able to remain so healthy in comparison to other children physically and mentally. That is why it is important that the mother of the babies feed her milk from time to time.
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