What health tests should I have?
What health tests should I have? Health is the most precious treasure given to nature and to keep this treasure intact, it is necessary that you keep a regular watch on it. Just like home, building and car, your body also needs maintenance. Let’s know five such investigations that every man must do so that his health is safe.
Cholesterol is a fatty protein. Too much cholesterol in the blood can make the heart sick. Therefore, it is important to know the amount of cholesterol in the blood. There are two types of cholesterol, HDL ie High Dentistry Cholesterol and LDL ie Low Dentistry Cholesterol. HDL is called good cholesterol, which keeps your heart healthy. At the same time, LDL i.e. bad cholesterol can give heart diseases and strokes.
The total amount of cholesterol in your blood should be less than 220. In addition, the amount of triglyceridus should also be less than 150 mg / dL. It is a fat found in the blood, which can block the flow of blood in the arteries.
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When to start – at the age of 20.
How many times to get it done – every five years. If the amount of cholesterol in your blood is found to be more than normal, your doctor may ask you to have it checked every six months. If you have a family history of heart disease, then just checking cholesterol levels will not be enough. For this you can also ask the doctor to get other necessary investigations done. Lipoprotein probes fall into this category. This test is more specific and examines the level of cholesterol as well as its content.
Blood pressure test
You may find this thing quite easy. However, regular screening of blood pressure can help you avoid many diseases in the future. It is estimated that every fifth adult suffers from high blood pressure. If your blood pressure is more than 140/90, it puts extra pressure on your heart. This increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. Many experts consider the blood pressure of 120/80 to be normal.
When to start – Can be started at any age. It is good if it is started in childhood.
How long to do – If your blood pressure is normal then checking once a year is considered sufficient. If you are taking blood pressure control medications or if your blood pressure is more than normal, the doctor may also ask you to be examined every six months.
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Diabetes is a common but dangerous disease of today. For this, the doctor examines tolerance of glucose absorption in your body. This shows how much sugar your body can digest.
What is this-
An investigation is done after drinking a sweet drink. At the same time, for fasting glucose tolerance test, nothing has to be eaten nine hours before the investigation.
When to start –
If you do not have any symptoms and risk factors then start checking it at the age of 45. If you are overweight, complain of blood pressure, or have any other risk of diabetes, such as a genetic cause, then it is better to start getting tested at an early age.
How long should the tests be done – every three years, but better every year
The thyroid is a small gland in the neck that controls the metabolic level of your body. If your thyroid is more active, this condition is called hyperthyroidism, which means that your metabolic rate is much higher. Common symptoms are insomnia, weight loss, and rapid heartbeat. Thyroid is less active in hypothyroid. This means that your metabolism will slow down. This usually leads to fatigue, constipation and weight gain. Although hypothyroid is more common in women, it does not mean that men cannot have it. Side effects of hypothyroidism may include erectile dysfunction, decreased sex desire, and excitatory problems.
What happens is this –
The most common test is TSH. It is a blood test that checks the thyroid hormone levels. This level should be between 0.4 to 5.5. However, many experts consider the T4 probe to be more effective than this test.
When to start – after age 35
How long to get tested – According to the American Thyroid Association, it should be checked once a year. Many doctors do not recommend having your thyroid levels checked until you see symptoms. However, thyroid must be checked after the age of 60.
Screening for metabolic syndrome
Metabolic syndrome is a group of symptoms that indicate you have both diabetes and heart disease. In this, the symptoms are identified first and if it is present then it is tested according to the need. If a man has three of these five symptoms, then the doctor advises him to check for Metabolic Syndrome-
Waist size 40 or more Good cholesterol levels less than 40 mg / dL Triglycuridase level more than 150 mg / dL Blood pressure exceeds 130/85 Fasting glucose level exceeds 100
If you see any of these three symptoms, then your doctor can also do a C-reactive protein ie CRP test. It is considered the best way to monitor the health of the heart.
What is this- This is a blood test to check the condition of plaque in blood vessels.
When to get it done – after the age of 40
How much time should be done – should be checked every three to five years. Along with this, the level of cholesterol and diabetes should also be examined.
What health tests should I have?