These 5 Silent Causes increase the risk of Osteoporosis in Women, Know how to Reduce this Risk
Osteoporosis, this is a bone disease, in which your bones start getting weak and fractured. Every year on 20 October, World International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) is celebrated as World Osteoporosis Day. It aims to raise global awareness of various metabolic bone diseases, in addition to prevention, diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis. It is estimated that an osteoporotic fracture occurs every 3 seconds worldwide. Therefore, it is important to raise awareness about this silent disease. Because if it is not treated in time, it becomes difficult to treat when the condition becomes severe.
Women are more at risk than men
The risk of osteoporosis is higher in women than in men, due to which there are many special reasons, such as hormonal changes etc. It is a medical condition in which bones become weak and porous due to low density. This condition is associated with an increased risk of fracture. It shows no symptoms until the first fracture occurs and for this reason, the condition is often referred to as ‘The Silent Disease’. Osteoporotic fractures, i.e fracture of bones, are very common in women as well as men in India and affect about 10 million people every year. According to a study conducted in 2013, around 50 million Indians suffer from osteoporosis or low bone mass.
Osteoporosis Risk Factors
Osteoporosis is a bone disease in which you are more likely to have a bone fracture. Because you lose your bone mass and density. You may not feel any visible symptoms, usually the first sign is a broken bone.
Factors that increase osteoporosis
There are generally 5 reasons behind the development of this disease of osteoporosis.
Age is a natural action of the body, which has to increase gradually. In this case, as old age cells of old bone break down and new cells of bone are formed. However, as soon as a person reaches his or her 30s, the body begins to break bone rapidly, as it is only then capable of replacing it. Thus, people above 50 years of age have a higher risk of bone fracture (osteoporosis).
Due to changes in hormonal levels, osteoporosis is more likely in postmenopausal women. Women in the age group of 45 to 55 years are at greater risk of bone pain and bone fracture. Men in this age group may also be at risk, but are less likely than women.
3. Family History
If anyone in the first family is suffering from osteoporosis, the risk of the disease increases. If one of the parents has a fractured hip, the risk may increase.
Your food can also be largely responsible for this. Because people who have low calcium intake are more likely to have osteoporosis. In addition, the risk also increases in those who are underweight or lean. People who have had gastrointestinal surgery have a higher risk of developing bone disease.
Prolonged exposure to corticosteroids may have an effect on the body’s ability to rebuild bones. Thus, patients taking corticosteroid are more likely to develop osteoporosis. Medications that are used to prevent and treat gastric reflux, Caesars, and cancer have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis.
6. Lifestyle Factors
Some of your habits may also increase the risk of osteoporosis. These include not staying active, sedentary lifestyle, high alcohol consumption, smoking, tobacco and not eating a balanced diet.
Does Osteoporosis show any Symptoms?
Osteoporosis is often referred to as a silent disease. Because it does not show any symptoms until you have a fracture. The first real symptom experienced in osteoporosis is often a broken bone. However, once the bones are weakened, the patient may experience symptoms such as fractures in the back or broken vertebrae, stupor posture, fragile bones, etc.
How can Osteoporosis be Diagnosed?
Blood test and urine test are performed, if osteoporosis is suspected, based on the patient’s physical examination. So that you can check for conditions that can cause bone loss. After this, bone density can be tested. This test helps in measuring the amount of calcium present in a section of bone. The bones most commonly tested in BMD are mostly in the hip and spine.
According to The National Institutes of Health (NIH), bone mineral density is recommended at equal intervals to all women over 65 years of age, women who smoke or consume alcohol and people with sedentary lifestyles. , In them it can also be a sign of kidney diseases and arthritis patients.
Treatment of Osteoporosis
• Bone fractures can be prevented by treatment in osteoporosis. However, doctors recommend using some medicines to slow the breakdown of bones in the patient. Along with this, some lifestyle changes are also recommended to strengthen the bones.
• Its treatment includes regular exercise and increased intake of calcium and vitamin D.
• You should include foods rich in calcium and vitamin D in your diet to keep bones healthy. In addition, eat foods rich in calcium like milk, curd and green leafy vegetables.
• Vitamin D can be obtained through good exposure to sunlight. Apart from this, regular exercise, stress relief yoga and limited alcohol intake can also help to keep bones healthy.