Glipizide Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions
Glipizide is used to control high blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes with a proper diet and exercise program. It can also be used with other diabetes medicines. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nervous problems, loss of organs and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke. Glipizide is related to the class of drugs which is known as sulfonylureas. This reduces blood sugar due to the release of your body’s natural insulin.
How To Use Glipizide
Take Glipizide 30 minutes before breakfast or the first meal of the day guided by your doctor, usually once daily. Some patients, especially those who take high dose, can be directed to take this medicine twice a day. Dosage is based on your medical condition and treatment response.
To reduce your risk of side effects, your doctor may direct you to start Glipizide on low dose and gradually increase your dose. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.
If you are already taking another diabetes drug (like chlorpropamide), then follow your doctor’s instructions carefully to prevent chronic medication and start Glipizide.
Colesevelam can reduce the absorption of Glipizide. If you are taking Colesevelam, take Glipizide at least 4 hours before taking Colesevelam.
Use Glipizide regularly to get the most benefit. To help you remember, take it every day at the same time.
Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it gets worse (your blood glucose is too high or too little).
Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea, constipation, stomach upset, headaches and weight gain etc. If any of these effects persists or worsens, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed Glipizide because he or she has decided that your benefit is higher than the risk of side effects. Many people using this drug do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor immediately if you have a serious side effect, including: signs of infection (such as frequent throat fever, fever), easy bleeding / injury, stomach ache, yellowing of the eyes / skin color black, Unusual fatigue / weakness, abnormal / sudden weight gain, change in mental / mood, swelling of hands / feet, stroke.
Glipizide can cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). This can happen when you do not consume enough calories from food or if you do unusually heavy exercises. Symptoms of low blood sugar include sudden sweating, tremors, pulsation, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or jerking of hands / feet. It is a good habit to take glucose tablets or gel for the treatment of low blood sugar. If you do not have these reliable forms of glucose, then increase your blood glucose faster by drinking a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or fruit juice or non-diet soda. Tell your doctor immediately about the reaction and use of this product. To help prevent low blood glucose, dine at regular times, and do not leave food. To find out from your doctor or pharmacist to find out what you need to eat.
Symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increase in urine, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, rapid breathing, and breath odor. If these symptoms occur, tell your doctor immediately. Your dose may have to be increased.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, if you see symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, get medical help immediately, including: granular, itching / swelling (especially the face / tongue / throat), severe dizziness, shortness of breath
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you do not list other effects above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can notify the FDA of side effects on 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can report the health effects of Canada on 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking Glipizide, tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you are allergic to it; Or if you have any other allergens. This product may contain passive elements, which may cause allergic or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using Glipizide, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially: symptoms of liver disease, kidney disease, thyroid disease, some hormonal conditions (adrenal / pituitary inadequacy, inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone-SIADH ), Electrolyte imbalance (hyponatremia).
You may experience blurred vision, dizziness or drowsiness due to very little or high blood sugar. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any such activity for which you need a vigilance or a clear vision, unless you’re not sure that you can do such activities safely.
Limit alcohol while taking Glipizide as it can increase your risk of developing low blood sugar. Alcohol can rarely interact with Glipizide and can cause a serious reaction (disulfiram-like reaction) with symptoms like face flushing, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, or abdominal pain. Consult your doctor or pharmacist about the safe use of alcohol.
When your body is stressed (such as a fever, infection, injury or surgery), it can be difficult to control your blood glucose. Consult your doctor because it may require a change in your treatment plan, medicines or blood sugar test.
Glipizide can make you more sensitive to the sun. Keep your time limited in the sun. Avoid Tanning Booths and Sunlamps. Use sunscreen on the outside and wear protective clothes. Tell your doctor immediately if you burn in the sun or have blisters / redness on the skin.
Before surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products that you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal products).
Older adults may be more susceptible to the side effects of Glipizide, especially low blood glucose.
During pregnancy, Glipizide should be used only when explicitly necessary. Pregnancy can be the cause of diabetes or worse. If you are pregnant, discuss a plan with your doctor for managing your blood glucose. Your doctor may opt for insulin for this medication during pregnancy. If Glipizide is used, then it can be switched to insulin at least 2 weeks before your delivery because of the risk of having low blood sugar in your newborn due to Glipizide. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
It is unknown if this medicine passes in breast milk. However, similar drugs undergo breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
If someone is treated and has serious symptoms such as difficulty in getting out or breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call the Poison Control Center immediately, American residents can call their local toxin control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canadians can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: instability, high heart beat, sweating, loss of consciousness.
Do not share this medication with others.
Participate in the Diabetes Education Program to learn more about how to manage your diabetes with medicines, diet, exercise and regular medical examinations.
Learn the symptoms of high and low blood sugars and how to treat low blood glucose. Check your blood glucose regularly as directed.
Keep all regular medical and laboratory appointments. Labs and / or medical tests (such as liver and kidney function tests, fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, complete blood count) should be done periodically to monitor your progress or examine side effects.
If you miss a dose, then as soon as you remember it, take it. If it is near the next dose time, then leave the thesis dose. Take your next dose at regular times. Do not double the dose to catch up.
Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.
Until instructed to do so, do not flush the medicines under the toilet or drain them in the drain. When this period expires or is not required, leave this product appropriately. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.
Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.