With birth on the child’s body, lumps appear on the neck or head of the child, a condition called cystic hygroma. It contains one or more ulcers and over time they become regularly larger. However, a cystic hygroma may also appear after birth. This problem also appears in many older people but their causes are different. Let me tell you that cystic hygromas occurring in children are fluid-filled sacs that are caused by blockages in the lymphatic system. This sac usually occurs between the 9th and 16th week of pregnancy. It is very important to get it treated on time, otherwise it can also cause serious condition in the future. Let us know the symptoms, causes and prevention of cystic hygroma through this article.


Causes of Cystic Hygroma

Cystic hygroma Both the genes of the infant and its environment in the womb cannot properly develop the lymphatic system, which gives the form of cystic hygroma. It can also occur on its own or with genetic causes such as Turner, Down or Noonan syndromes. When adults get cystic hygroma, it may be due to trauma or previous respiratory infection. In addition, viral infection from mother to child during pregnancy and exposure to drugs or alcohol during pregnancy can also be a main reason for this.


Lump on neck or head.
Forms of bulge.
Lumps in the body within 2 years of birth.
The knot feels soft to touch.
In most cases cystic hygroma occurs on the neck.
The child has trouble moving the neck or feels pain.

When can this problem be revealed

When you are pregnant, your doctor recommends you to have a regular ultrasound so that your baby can be caught immediately if you have any condition or cystic hygroma during that time. You can see this after your child is born or even later in your child’s life. If you know that your baby has cystic hygroma, then your doctor will try to give birth to you with the help of a c-section. At the same time, after birth, if your baby shows signs of cystic hygroma, then the child is subjected to several tests, including chest X-ray, ultrasound and MRI or CT scan to confirm the cyst.


Doctors use surgery to remove cystic hygroma. If parts of it are left behind, there is a 15% chance that it will return. At the same time, if other options for its treatment are talked about, then they include procedures like chemotherapy, radiation therapy, steroids and sclerotherapy, although they are not less effective than surgery.

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