Chlorpropamide Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions
Chlorpropamide is used to control high blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes with proper diet and exercise programs. It can also be used with other diabetes medicines. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nervous problems, loss of organs and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke. Chlorpropamide is related to the class of drugs called sulfonylureas. This reduces blood sugar due to the release of your body’s natural insulin.
How to use Chlorpropamide
Take Chlorpropamide with your breakfast prescribed by your doctor, usually daily once daily. Dosage is based on your medical condition and treatment response.
If this medication worsens the stomach then discuss with your doctor whether it can help to divide your daily dose into small doses for several times a day. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.
To reduce your risk of side effects, your doctor may direct you to start this medication on low dose and gradually increase your dose. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.
Use Chlorpropamide regularly to get the most benefit. To help you remember, take it every day at the same time.
Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it gets worse (your blood glucose is too high or too little).
Nausea, loss of appetite, diarrhea, vomiting, and weight may increase. If any of these effects persists or worsens, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this drug because he or she has decided that your benefit is higher than the risk of side effects. Many people using this drug do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor immediately if you have any serious side effect, including: changes in the skin (such as blackening, thickening), abnormal fatigue, fast / fast heartbeat, easy injury / bleeding, changes in mental / mood, Sudden weight gain, swollen hands / feet, muscle weakness / cramps, painful bowel movements, bloody / black stools, yellow eyes / skin, persistent nausea / vomiting, severe stomach / abdominal pain, dark colored Disease, symptoms of infection (such as fever, constant sore throat), seizures.
Chlorpropamide can cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). This can happen when you do not consume enough calories from food or if you do unusually heavy exercises. Symptoms of low blood sugar include sudden sweating, tremors, pulsation, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or jerking of hands / feet. It is a good habit to take glucose tablets or gel for the treatment of low blood sugar. If you do not have these reliable forms of glucose, then increase your blood glucose faster by drinking a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or fruit juice or non-diet soda. Tell your doctor immediately about the reaction and use of this product. To help prevent low blood glucose, dine at regular times, and do not leave food. To find out from your doctor or pharmacist to find out what you need to eat.
Symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increase in urine, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, rapid breathing, and breath odor. If these symptoms occur, tell your doctor immediately. Your dose may have to be increased.
A very serious allergic reaction to Chlorpropamide is rare. However, if you see symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, get medical help immediately, including: granular, itching / swelling (especially the face / tongue / throat), severe dizziness, shortness of breath
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you do not list other effects above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can notify the FDA of side effects on 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can report the health effects of Canada on 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking chlorpropamide, tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you are allergic to it; Or if you have any other allergens. This product may contain passive elements, which may cause allergic or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using Chlorpropamide, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially: kidney disease, liver disease, problem of thyroid, bad diet, irregular eating patterns, some hormonal conditions (adrenal / pituitary insufficiency) , SIADH), electrolyte imbalance (low sodium blood level), syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone.
You may experience blurred vision, dizziness or drowsiness due to very little or high blood sugar. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any such activity for which you need a vigilance or a clear vision, unless you’re not sure that you can do such activities safely.
Limit alcohol while taking this medication as it can increase your risk of developing low blood sugar. In addition, alcohol can interact with chlorpropamide and may cause a serious reaction (like disulfiram reaction) with symptoms such as facial flushing, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, or stomach aches. Consult your doctor or pharmacist about the safe use of alcohol.
When your body is stressed (such as a fever, infection, injury or surgery), it can be difficult to control your blood glucose. Consult your doctor because it may require a change in your treatment plan, medicines or blood sugar test.
Chlorpropamide can make you more sensitive to the sun. Keep your time limited in the sun. Avoid Tanning Booths and sunlamps. Use sunscreen on the outside and wear protective clothes. Tell your doctor immediately if you burn in the sun or have blisters / redness on the skin.
Before surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products that you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal products).
Older adults may be more susceptible to the side effects of Chlorpropamide, especially low blood sugar and liquid / electrolyte imbalance.
During pregnancy, Chlorpropamide should be used only when explicitly necessary. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
Pregnancy can be the cause of diabetes or worse. If you are pregnant, discuss a plan with your doctor for managing your blood glucose. Your doctor may change the treatment of your diabetes during your pregnancy (such as medicines including diet and insulin).
This medicine passes in breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
Drug interactions can change how your medicines work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescriptions / non-prescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change any drug supplements without the approval of your doctor.
Many medicines can affect your blood glucose, which makes it difficult to control. Before starting, preventing or changing any medicine, talk to your doctor or pharmacist about how medicines can affect your blood glucose. Regularly check your blood glucose as directed and share the results with your doctor. Tell your doctor immediately if you have any symptoms of high or low blood sugar. (See side effects section.) Your doctor may need to adjust your diabetes medication, exercise program or diet.
Beta-blocker medicines ( metoprolol, propranolol, glaucoma eye drops such as timolol) can prevent rapid / fast heartbeat, which you usually feel when your blood glucose is very low (hypoglycemia). Other symptoms of low blood sugar such as dizziness, hunger or sweating are unaffected by these drugs.
Check the label on all your drugs (such as cough-and-cold products), because they may contain material that can affect your blood glucose. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.
If someone is treated and has serious symptoms such as difficulty in getting out or breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call the Poison Control Center immediately, American residents can call their local toxin control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canadians can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: instability, high heart beat, sweating, loss of consciousness, seizures.
Do not share this medication with others.
To learn more about diabetes, focus on the important aspects of the Diabetes Education program and its treatment, including medicines, diet, exercise, and regular eye / foot / medical examination.
Learn the symptoms of high and low blood sugars and how to treat low blood glucose. Check your blood glucose regularly as directed.
Keep all regular medical and laboratory appointments. Labs and / or medical tests (such as liver and kidney function tests, fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, complete blood count) should be done periodically to monitor your progress or examine side effects.
If you miss a dose, then as soon as you remember it, take it. If it is near the next dose time, then leave the thesis dose and set your normal dose. Do not double the dose to catch up.
Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.
Until instructed to do so, do not flush the medicines under the toilet or drain them in the drain. When this period expires or is not required, leave this product appropriately. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.
Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.