Captopril Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions
COMMON BRAND(S): Capoten
GENERIC NAME(S): Captopril
Captopril is used to treat hypertension (hypertension). Reducing hypertension helps in preventing stroke, heart attack and kidney problems. It is also used to treat heart failure, diabetes due to kidney damage and to improve survival after heart attack.
Captopril is an ACE inhibitor and works by resting the blood vessels so that the blood flows more easily.
How to use Captopril
Direct this medicine with an empty stomach (at least 1 hour before food) by your doctor, usually two to three times a day.
Dosage is based on your medical condition and treatment response.
Use Captopril regularly so that it can get the most benefit. To help you remember, take it every day at the same time. It is important to continue taking this medicine even if you feel OK. Most people with high blood pressure do not feel sick.
For the treatment of hypertension, you can take up to 2 weeks to get the full benefit of this drug. For the treatment of heart failure, you may need weeks to months to get the full benefit of this drug. Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it gets worse (such as your blood pressure reading is high or increased).
There may be a loss of dizziness, laziness, or tastes because your body gets adjusted in medicine. Dry cough may also occur. If any of these effects persists or worsens, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this drug because he or she has decided that the benefit is higher than the risk of side effects. Many people using this drug do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor immediately if any of these have potential but serious side effects: unconsciousness, high heart beat, symptoms of a high potassium blood level (like muscular weakness, slow / irregular heart beat), sign of infection (e.g Fever, chills, frequent sore throat), urine of the cloud.
Although captopril can be used to prevent kidney problems or treat people who have kidney problems, it can also cause serious problems of kidney or make them worse. When you are taking captopril, your doctor will check your kidney function. Tell your doctor immediately if you have a symptom of kidney problems such as changes in the amount of urine.
Captopril can rarely cause serious (potentially fatal) liver problems. Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following rare but serious side effects: Yellow eyes / skin, deep urine, severe stomach / stomach ache, persistent nausea / vomiting.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, if you see any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, seek medical help immediately: granular, itching / swelling (especially the face / tongue / throat), severe dizziness, breathing difficulties
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you do not list other effects above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In America – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can notify the FDA of side effects on 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada – Call Your Doctor for Medical Advice on Side Effects You can report the health effects of Canada on 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking Captopril, tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you are allergic to it; Or other ACE inhibitors (such as lisinopril); Or if you have any other allergens. This product can have passive elements, which can cause allergic or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using Captopril, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, in particular: the history of an allergic reaction in which the swelling of the face / lips / tongue / throat (angioedema), the process of filtering the blood (such as LDL apheresis , Dialysis) include collagen vascular disease (such as lupus, scleroderma), high levels of potassium in the blood
This medication can make you dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana can make you feel more dizzy. Unless you can safely do it, do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that requires caution. Limit alcoholic beverages. If you are using marijuana, talk to your doctor.
To reduce the risk of dizziness and lighthouse, slowly rise while sitting or lying down from the position of lying.
Too much sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting can damage the body’s water (dehydration) and increase the risk of your lighthouse. Give long-term diarrhea or vomiting report to your doctor. Be sure to drink enough liquids to prevent dehydration until your doctor directs you otherwise.
Before surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products that you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal products).
This product can increase your potassium level. Consult your doctor or pharmacist before potassium supplements or potassium before using the option of salt.
Older adults may be more susceptible to the side effects of this drug, including dizziness and an increase in potassium levels.
Captopril is not recommended for use during pregnancy. It can harm an unborn child. Consult your doctor for more details. (See also the warning section.)
This medicine passes through breast milk but there is no possibility of harm to a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
See also the Precautions section.
Drug interactions can change how your medicines work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescriptions / non-prescription medicines and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change any drug supplements without the approval of your doctor.
Some products that interact with this drug include: Aliskiren, some medicines that weaken the immune system / increase the risk of infection (such as everolimus, sirolimus), lithium, drugs which increase the level of potassium in the blood (Such as ARB) losartan/valsartan, birth control pills containing drospirenone), sacubitril.
Some products contain ingredients that can increase your blood pressure or spoil your heart failure. Tell your pharmacist what products you are using, and ask how to use them safely (especially cough and cold products, diet aids, or NSAIDs such as ibuprofen / naproxen).
If you are taking injections for beekeeper / wasp sting allergy (desensitization) and taking captopril, then there may be very serious reactions. Make sure all your doctors know what medicines you are using.
Captopril can interfere with some laboratory tests (including acetone urine test), possibly causing false test results. Ensure that the lab staff and all your doctors know that you use this medicine.
If someone is treated and has serious symptoms like having trouble going out or breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call the Poison Control Center immediately. US residents can call their local venom control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canadians can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: severe dizziness, unconsciousness, high pulsation
Do not share this medication with others.
Changes in lifestyle such as stress reduction programs, exercise and dietary changes can increase the effectiveness of this drug. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about lifestyle changes that can benefit you.
Laboratory and / or medical tests (such as kidney function, potassium level) should be periodically to monitor your progress or to examine side-effects. Consult your doctor for more details.
Check your blood pressure regularly while taking this medication. Learn how to monitor your own blood pressure at home, and share the results with your doctor.
If you miss a dose, then as soon as you remember, take it. If it is near the next dose time, then leave the thesis supplement and start your normal dose program again. Do not double the dose to catch up.
Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. It is normal to have a slight sulfur odor. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.
Until instructed to do so, do not flush the medicines in the toilet and do not drain them. When this period expires or does not need it, then properly release this product. Consult your drug dealer or local waste disposal company to get more information about safely terminating your product.
Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.