What are the 3 stages of TB?
What are the 3 stages of TB? TB is a very serious and dangerous disease. The biggest thing is that it is an infectious disease that spreads from one person to another. TB disease is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, it is true that the TB of children is quite different from the TB of adults. The symptoms and causes of TB in children are also different. If there is a TB patient in everyone’s home, then the chances of having it in the child increase by 80 percent. TB is a lung disease. In this disease, the child has trouble breathing. Children’s organs are very fragile, so TB is more effective on them. Let’s know how TB occurs in children.
How is child TB different from adults?
Negative pulmonary TB is a common type of TB in children. Most children are too young to give mucus for screening, so gastric ravage is another option for detecting TB in children. Extra-pulmonary TB is another type of recurrent TB in children. Its common types include miliary TB, TB meningitis, lymph nodes TB and spinal TB. Extra-pulmonary TB is caused by primary lung TB. TB is more common and severe in children infected with malnutrition, HIV or measles.
Lung tuberculosis in children
A 3-year-old girl who has been suffering from recurrence of cough and fever attacks for the past one year. The child is not improving despite repeated antibiotics, cough medicines and vaccinations. She suffered from poor weight gain, anemia, and loss of appetite. Detailed investigation revealed that she has pneumonia below the lower lobe. Detailed history revealed that he had contact with a maid suffering from TB. Her tuberculin skin test was negative and sputum could not be obtained. She responded to a 6-month course of anti-TB drugs.
AJ is a 6-year-old child with recurrent abdominal pain, poor weight gain, intermittent fever. Various medicines were given to him by various doctors but there was no improvement. Her examination revealed that there was an increase in ESR, lesions in the chest x-ray, swelling of the abdominal lymph node. Whereas, he did not have sputum or biopsy of lymph nodes for examination, he was diagnosed with TB. She responded well to a course of anti-TB drugs in 6 months.
There is a 7 year old boy who has fever, headache and vomiting symptoms for two months. A year ago, his father was undergoing treatment for TB. By the time of recruitment, the child had developed altered sensorium, grade 2 coma, and convulsions. Her head cat scan revealed multiple tuberculomas (TB tumors in the brain). In addition he had skin tests positive for TB, increased ESR, and chest X-rays indicating tuberculosis. This case of cerebral tuberculosis was successfully treated for 9 months and he recovered completely.
TB prevention in children
BCG Vaccination: Every newborn in our country should be given a BCG vaccine. Although the BCG vaccine is not completely effective against pulmonary TB, it does provide better protection against more serious diseases such as miliary TB or meningitis TB.
It is very important that children are diagnosed and treated early in TB. Properly implemented short course chemotherapy (SCC) is the preferred treatment in modern times. Major drugs for TB include isoniazid, rifampicin, porazinamide, streptomycin, ethambutol, and thiacetone. Now the short course chemotherapy (DOTS) is being given more importance.
What are the 3 stages of TB?